According to the recent research, the vast majority of people who are going through depression across the world receive inadequate treatment or no care at all. It is published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, the survey was conducted on around 50,000 people in 21 countries by King’s College London, Harvard Medical School and the World Health Organization (WHO).
According to the research reports that of 4,331 people with depression across the 21 countries, their treatment rates vary widely. In high-income countries, only one in five people who were going through depression receives fair treatment.
All over the world, an estimated people who suffer from depression are 350 million from all the age groups and the reason of leading cause of disability worldwide. The situation in the poorest countries of the world is far worse as where only one in 27 people who go through depression gets adequate treatment and care.
The researchers figure out the data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys, a series of 23 community survey in 21 countries. There is an increasing awareness that depression can be reliably analyzed and treated in primary care settings using psychological therapy or medication, still, this is scientifically proven that the treatments are not being delivered on a wide scale.
The research included 10 low or middle income countries (Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Iraq, Lebanon, Mexico, Nigeria, People’s Republic of China (PRC), Peru and Romania) and the countries on the top list of high income are Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, Israel, Japan, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the USA.
The researchers described the sufficient and proper treatment as getting pharmacotherapy ( at least a visit to the doctor once in a month on month for medication and also four or more visits to a doctor) or psychotherapy (at least eight visits with any professional including the religious or spiritual advisor, social worker or counselor).
Graham Thornicroft, who attended the study, said: “We call on national and international organizations to make fair resources available for scaling up the provision of mental health services so that no one with depression left behind.”
He also mentioned, “Our results indicate that much treatment currently offered to people with depression falls far short of the criteria for effective treatment.”
Half of the people with depression thinks they don’t have any big problem that needed treatment and this proportion fell only in the poorest countries. Through this, it is strongly suggested that the people also need to support as individuals with the depression and their family members also that they have problems treatable conditions and should seek treatment and care.
Thornicroft also added that “Providing treatment at the required scale to treat all the people with depression is crucial, not only for decreasing depression problems and death by suicide, but also from a moral and human rights perspective, and to help people to be fully productive members of society”.