It is very important for the women to know, even if you have never smoked and you are still affected by a lung disease, reveals new study. The findings of the latest research were published online in the International Journal of Chronic Diseases.
Seven percentage of never smoking older African American women and 5.2 percent of white older women Seven percentage of never smoking older African American women and who have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), compared to 2.9 percentage of never smoking older white men. Chronic Obstructive Disease (COPD) which is a lung disease and can be indicated by the chronic blockage of lung airflow that interferes with the normal breathing of the person and it is not fully reversible.
Some of the women’s greater vulnerability to COPD may be because of the physiological differences. When the researchers look into the account height , the odds of COPD among women compared to men were less elevated. However, according to the study author ESME Fuller- Thomson from the University of Toronto, still found some of the women who had approximately 50 percentage of higher odds of COPD i.e Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease as compared to the white men even when they adjust to height, education,income, and health care access.
He added “Hormones may also play an important role. Women are more likely to have been exposed to second-hand smoke from spouses who smoke. The study used representative samples of 129,535 Americans of the age of 50 and older who have never smoked in their life.
This research took, 8,674 African American women, 2,708 African American men, 80,317 white women and 37,836 white men, drawn from the 2012 Behavioural Risk Surveillance.
“African American women had, by far, the highest popularity of COPD among older adults who had never smoked. They have found through this research that, after adjusting for income and education levels, the odds of COPD among African-American women compared to white men fall by more than half,” said by the co-author and recent MSW graduate, Rachel Chisholm.
“We cannot determine causality with this data set, but poverty is associated with increased exposure to toxins, such as second-hand smoke in workplaces and air pollution in inner-city environments,” Chisholm concluded.
Fuller-Thomson added that Primary care physicians and other health professionals should consider screening all their older patients for COPD, including those who have never smoked. Women, particularly African American women, have an unexpectedly high prevalence of COPD. Earlier detection of COPD has been found to improve patient outcomes in both the short and long-term and is, therefore, an important clinical goal.”